If you are a producer, singer, musician, or have a podcast and have decided to start recording professionally, the next step can be the most confusing. Development of a workshop. And if you are just starting out, there is no need to break the bank. You can set up a very efficient studio at a comfortable price right in your home. Let’s take a look at all the hardware you’ll need to start recording right away.
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A computer will be at the heart of your recording setup. And good news! If you already have one at home, it will probably be more than enough. At first, there is no need to purchase a specialized PC or MacBook just for recording. Modern computers are powerful machines and should have enough power to facilitate your recording. If it has a Core i5 processor and 8GB of RAM, you’re good to go.
Digital audio station
Once you have a computer, you will need software that you can record into. This software is known as DAW. A DAW does all kinds of digital manipulation of your audio, from recording your material to adding effects, sounds, drum tracks, and all other types of digital instruments. It’s the digital platform where you can record, mix and master your track. There are many DAWs available and each has its strengths, specialties, and drawbacks. It’s a subjective choice and whatever DAW you agree with is the right one. Some of the most used DAWs include Ableton Live, FL Studio, Logic Pro, Reaper 6, etc. If you don’t have a budget for a DAW, there is even free software like Audacity to help you get started.
The next piece of equipment you will need is an audio interface. An audio interface is a device that captures your sounds and transports them to your computer’s DAW. It is usually connected to the computer via a USB cable. You can plug your instruments such as guitar or bass directly into the audio interface and record into the DAW. Or if you prefer to use a microphone for recording, you can connect the microphone to the audio interface. An audio interface usually has a built-in preamp that takes sound from the mic and amplifies it to a level suitable for working in the computer. Without a preamp, the mic will usually be a bit too quiet. Most audio interfaces come with DAWs, so you will need to take care of two pieces of equipment when purchasing an audio interface. One of the most popular audio interfaces is the Focusrite Scarlett Solo. Other currents include the PreSonus audio box, M-Audio Mtrack, etc.
If you are going to record vocals, you will need a microphone. But even if you’re not a singer, a microphone is still essential. It can record acoustic guitar, electric guitar and bass played through amp and any other instrument with great clarity and detail. Although instruments can be plugged into the audio interface and recorded directly into the computer, a microphone captures subtle accents and nuances much more effectively. Microphones are broadly classified into three types: dynamic, condenser, and ribbon mics. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. For starters, the best option is a large diaphragm condenser microphone. It can handle sounds ranging from loud to quiet and everything in between. Samson c01 is a quality, economical condenser microphone that can handle all kinds of recordings for a beginner.
A MIDI keyboard is a very efficient piece of equipment because of its versatility and range. A MIDI will allow you to record piano parts, percussion, drums, strings, backing vocals, synthesizers – basically any type of sound a producer could want. Even if you have a very basic knowledge of the piano, you can use a MIDI controller to create ambience, wonderful sound textures and soundscapes. It usually connects to the computer via USB and records directly to the DAW. There is an endless range of MIDI controllers on the market, each with specific features and tools. A solid MIDI keyboard for its price range is the Akai MPK Mini Mk2. Other MIDIs to consider are Arturia MiniLab MkII, Novation Launchkey Mini Mk3, etc.
Headphones / Studio Monitors
The following equipment will allow you to hear what you are recording, mixing and mastering. While it can be difficult for professionals to use headphones for long periods of time, it still makes sense and makes sense to start with high-performance headphones rather than spending a lot of money on studio monitors. There are many classifications to consider when buying studio headphones: on-ear, on-ear, open, closed. But the pros and cons of these different types of headphones only become apparent if someone is an advanced producer. For starters, any decent quality headset should do the job. A reasonably priced classic pair of headphones for studio use is the Audio-Technica MX20. Other headphones include Audio-Technica ATH M50x, Sennheiser HD280 Pro, etc.
You now have a fully functional professional recording setup. There are other products you can invest in for a more comfortable experience and higher productivity. This includes mic stands, pop filters, high quality cables, acoustic treatment, and more. When you start to make good use of your studio, you should start looking at these gear and more to add some wonderful extra touches. A well-installed home studio goes a long way in inspiring creativity and professionalism in you. There is no reason to be confused about the production process. You can start on a very reasonable budget and start recording at home today!